Regulations regarding wine production have a profound e ect on the character of the wine produced. Todays guide will help you get a little more comfortable in the french section of your local wine shop. The wines produced range from expensive wines sold internationally to modest wines usually only seen within france such as the margnat wines were during the post war period. French wine a fun video overview by master sommelier. Aug 25, 2017 lets be honest, if youre reading this french wine for dummies article, you might not be a wine connoisseur so when it comes to buying a wine on your own, its all about chance. Oct 11, 2016 french wine is the first synthetic history of wine in france. Rod phillips places the history of grape growing and winemaking in each of the countrys major regions within broad historical and cultural. You can learn a lot about how life must have been by understanding how wine has changed over the course of history. Wines of france jerson fernandes accor management traineeculinary 2.
French wines have benefited from their historical connotation with. Due to the way it is made the must is pressed early after only three days the phenolic compounds, in particular the astringent tannins, normally found in red wines, isnt there, leaving an easy to drink, fruity wine. Wine is one of the most civilized things in the world and one of the most natural things of the world that has been brought to the greatest perfection, and it offers a greater range for enjoyment and appreciation than, possibly, any other purely sensory thing said ernest hemingway. The main french wine regions are shown by the colored areas on the map.
The titles listed below are but a few of the many good books about french wine and culture. In france you will find all styles of wine red, rose, white, sparkling and fortified. A brief history of the international regulation of wine production abstract. A brief illustrated history of wine wine is a beverage thats been shaped both by innovation and fashion over the course of several thousand years. Here are a couple of tips to survive this challenge, and to find a decent bottle for a decent price. Sep 28, 2017 for example, the adage white wine with fish and red wine with meat is a traditional piece of wisdom based on the idea of matching the richness or body of a wine with the heaviness of a given food. It is difficult to separate french wine from french culture and vice versa. Simply put, beaujolais nouveau is as about as close to white wine as a red wine can get. The roman empire licensed regions in the south to produce wines. Get snooth s free wine newsletter for a daily dose of what to drink right now, pairing ideas, wine country travel tips, and more. Bordeaux red is commonly paired with meat dishes such as steak, venison and lamb. Wine lovers flock to vineyards throughout the country to see the wines where they grow. French wine is subject to one of the strictest quality control systems in the world.
The nose is a complex melange of hawthorn blossom, sandalwood, muted mango and lemon. In fact, wine is integral to french culture, the country has a long history of wine production and almost every region of france produces a variety of wines. France has a reputation as being the home of fine wine. Such regulations can be found on the local, national, and international levels, but each level must be considered with the others in mind. The romans did much to spread viticulture across the land they knew as gaul, encouraging the planting of vines in. A fascinating book that belongs on every wine lovers bookshelf. French wine originated in the 6th century bc, with the colonization of southern. In tracing the history of french wines, we are struck with the fact, that. The wine industry jumped on the french paradox story, promoting an epic marketing campaign which instilled in a lot of people the idea that drinking red wine is good for your heart.
Nov 15, 2012 the history of beaujolais nouveau day theres no better time to try this fruity red wine than today, the third thursday in november, when the french celebrate the release of the new vintage. The history of french wine, spans a period of at least 2600 years dating to the founding of. Understanding french wine labels and terms wine folly. Perhaps no country evokes such strong associations with fine wine as does france. Viticulture soon flourished with the founding of the greek colony of marseille. Phillipss writing style helps the reader get over rough ground lightly, and his background as a historian of france enables him to add color and texture to the bare bones of the story. Bordeaux wine can be produced as either a red or white wine.
But in the 2 nd century bc, massalia, by then known under the name of massilia, came under the roman influence and began to be a vital port for the trades route. Pdf the concept of terroir has roots steeped in french history of wine. Darker, richer grapes are used to create the bordeaux red, while bordeaux white uses lighterskinned varieties. Quite simply, it is the most important wine country. The line between terroir and cru can feel a bit blurry, but heres a good way of thinking about it. For those few of us who are wine professionals required to taste hundreds of wines every week, and for anyone with a low tolerance of alcohol, wine s active ingredient can be something to be feared. French wine is considered by some to be the best in the world. Winemakers around the world are thrilled if people mistake their wines for their french wine counterparts. A chateau margaux, to take a world class wine, is from southwest france and comes straight from a chateau in the bordeaux region by the same name. But even the most seasoned wine professionals sometime mispronounce words, so you shouldnt worry. Paul lukacs recounts the journey of wine through history.
French wine originated in the 6th century bc, with the colonization of. Then around the 5th century, the church became the dominant keeper of the vine and the primary producer of the wines, used predominantly for the holy sacrament. May 25, 2018 top 5 fun facts about french wine regarded as the premier wine making country, france holds centuriesold secrets to wine making that have survived the test of time and that have become a major part of french cultural heritage. A brief history of the international regulation of wine. A brief history and cheat sheet to french regions eater. Anyone who has spent some time exploring the countrys famous wine regions can tell. The history of beaujolais nouveau day travel smithsonian.
A daily postcard with a few simple words of wine wisdom. This article will show you how to say, wine, in french, including how to order wine and state different types of wine. Much of the history of wine is interwoven throughout the history of france itself. It covers everything about france as a wine country, about the french wine regions, wine producers and vineyards. The french and the culture of wine french gastronomy, french fashion, french luxury products and fragrances, french wines and the french way of life,have admirers all over the world. France is one of the largest wine producers in the world, along with italian, spanish, and american wineproducing regions. For example, the adage white wine with fish and red wine with meat is a traditional piece of wisdom based on the idea of matching the richness or body of a wine with the heaviness of a given food. The idea of tackling francethe accents and the growing regions and the different vintagescan feel like a vast, unmanageable task for anyone who wants to start learning about wine. French wine traces its history to the 6th century bc, with many of frances regions dating their winemaking history to roman times. It has traditionally been know as the best wine producing region of the world.
How to choose a wine vintage ratings typical bordeaux wines label how to read a french wine label the label of a bottle of wine is strictly controlled by the government to guarantee a wines origin and vintage, or in other words, its flavor and quality. Wines may be either red, white, or rose and also dry, medium, or sweet. Fromage the french word for cheese was first used in th century. A touch of french wine history first a bit of history, the greeks and romans are credited for planting and growing the early vineyards. There is no shortage of books devoted to french wine.
Etruscans were subtle and serene practitioners of the art of. French wine serves as the benchmark for wines and wine styles around the world. The wine economistits a book to read for its unstoppable torrent of. Wine is more than a libation that we enjoy on many an occasion. French wine facts, french wine terms and information. The ptolemy world map is a map of the known world to hellenistic society in the 2nd century ce.
It was so effective that i know people who didnt drink alcohol at all, and started drinking a glass of red with their meals for fear that not doing so. French wine traces its history to the 6th century bc, with many of frances regions dating their. History of champagne wine, a rare wine, champagne wine in history. So it was that in 496 ad this traditional use of wine, combined with the particular location of the champagne vineyards, secured champagnes place in history. Jan 14, 2012 the way wine drinkers feel about the most stimulating component in their beverage of choice probably depends on how wine fits into their lives. Growing grapes for wine is one of the worlds most important farming activities, and the industry is a major feature of the economy of many wineproducing countries. French wine for dummies discover walks french wine. French wine labels will also indicate cru, meaning growththis refers to the vineyard, estate or village where the wine was produced. The story of wine is deeply intertwined with the story of all of recorded human history. Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grape juice. In terms of wine production the country competes with italy for the first spot.
Washington red wine surrendered a clue to its health benefits in a study suggesting madiran, a traditional french wine, may be brimming with one of the more valuable ingredients for protecting the heart. Choosing a french wine means understanding how to read and pronounce french wine names and words you find on the label, the variety of grape specific to certain french wines, and getting the best value of a french wine. An occasional, recreational drinker on a budget, on the other hand, might well actively seek out those bottles. Aop is essentially a hierarchical system of rules and regulations that determine where the wines are produced, what they are made of and. The romans did much to spread viticulture across the land they knew as gaul, encouraging the planting of vines in areas that would become the well known wine regions of bordeaux, burgundy, alsace. Traditionally, many french wines have been blended from several grape. Wine drinking declined across europe as it lost its working class or peasant base to become an aspirational drink consumed by the middle class, as french advertisements put it, avec moderation. French wine a beginners guide to the tradition and wine. Among frances many winegrowing territories, the loire valley leads the pack in white wines, ranks second for roses, and come in third for aocs. A brief history of the international regulation of wine production. South of france wine brand makes french wine history. Introduction france has always been considered the heart land of the wines of the world. Wine is now the subject of careful chemistry and global demand.
Many varieties that are now considered international, such as cabernet sauvignon and chardonnay, are french, and winemaking pioneers in new world regions such as california and chile look to the great wines of france as their benchmark. The history of beaujolais nouveau day theres no better time to try this fruity red wine than today, the third thursday in november, when the french celebrate the release of the new vintage. Oct 21, 20 wine is now the subject of careful chemistry and global demand. The highest quality classification is appellation dorigine controlee or protegee, which is governmentregulated and indicates that the wine was created under strict conditions using specific grapes, in a designated area, and adhering to traditional methods. French wine a fun video overview by master sommelier andrea. Thomas jeffersons love affair with wine past fortified doors and beyond tourists eyes, researchers are digging deep in the cellars of monticello. This is a commonly held rule of thumb that still stands today, although the art of pairing wine with various types of food has grown far more. History, experience, and exceptional terroir have all played a key role in building the french reputation for classic wines.
On christmas day that year, the frankish warrior clovis was baptised in reims cathedral and crowned the first king of france. Learn why by reading our helpful guide of french wine facts, french wine terms and french wine information. The winegrowing regions dotting the rivers banks feature no less than 4,000 companies and 70,000 hectares of vineyards, with 61 appellations of origin. European wine, in particular, can account for endless historical events which have formed the modernday wine industry and culture, and throughout generations, it has proved to be a coveted product. Looking back at history and up until today, france has by far been the most dominant and authoritative country in the wine world. French wine found rich in ingredients that protect heart.
Due to the availability of dark grapes, 75 percent of all bordeaux wine is red. Nov 30, 2006 french wine found rich in ingredients that protect heart by theresa barry, bloomberg november 30, 2006 washington red wine surrendered a clue to its health benefits in a study suggesting madiran, a traditional french wine, may be brimming with one of the more valuable ingredients for protecting the heart. The move represents a first in even frances lengthy wine history, bringing together. Pdf old world and new world wine concepts of terroir and wine. History of french wine and cheese the history of french wine dates back to 6000 years and of cheese the first recorded mention dates back to 7500 years. Historically, its fame is at least in part due to the fact that of these three big grapegrowing areas, the bordeaux vineyard is the only one with immediate access to the sea, an advantage. A history 2014, a short history of wine 2000, and now french wine. The history of wine timeline how wine colonized the world.
The book is published in swedish with the title vinlandet frankrike, trend och tradition. The ancient greeks, expanding into italys southern reaches, dubbed the colonies oenotria, the land of wine. It is the new french style, said jacques gravegeal, displaying his english language skills by repeating the slogan that accompanies the new brand. In our age sybarite has become a dirty word and in that respect france too has lost an empire and failed to find a role. The french wine history in the 6 th century bc, the greeks immigrants founding, in the southern gaul, a town called massalia, where they were producing a bit of wine and trading too. French wines and wine labels are controlled by a wine classification system called appellation dorigine protegee or aop this system was first developed in 1936 by baron pierre le roy who also founded the regulatory board for wine in france called inao. French wine is produced all throughout france, in quantities between 50 and 60 million hectolitres per year, or 78 billion bottles. French wine is produced all throughout france, in quantities between 50 and 60 million. The infographic and map below is your complete introductory guide to frances wines, including the major regions, the grapes that grow there, and their famous blends, along with general facts. The heritage dates back some 4,000 years to when prehistoric peoples pressed wild grapes into juice that, as if by magic, fermented into wine. French phrase to describe the thrill of feeling fully alive. With burgundy and champagne, the bordeaux region of aquitaine is one of the three most famous french wineproducing regions.206 1513 737 25 1130 580 54 1026 822 714 1644 700 602 544 1310 189 177 1113 12 588 955 441 278 684 848 496 1133 1412 591 1043 976 409 328 545 1317 782 86 811 1413