In judges, the leaders were judges who delivered gods people, each of them typifying the lord jesus. Rather, he was a grower of sycamore figs as well as a shepherd amos 7. It is not mere chance that hosea, isaiah, jeremiah, ezekiel, and almost all of the prophets given significant coverage in the hebrew bible, give first of all the story of their special calling. Although we do not know precisely when the book of amos was written, the book begins with the explanation that amos preached during the reign of uzziah in judah and of jeroboam ii in israel in the eighth century b. The name stands for the original promise with god to the descendants of abraham in particular prior to the coming of jesus christ in the new testament or the new promise. Amos must have subsequently returned to tekoa where he assembled and edited his messages as we now see them in the book. The author of the first five old testament books is believed to be moses. The book of amos is a prophetic book of the hebrew bible largely dating to the 8th century bce and considered to be scripture by modernday. Amos mission is directed to his neighbor to the north, israel. The old testament also known as the jewish tanakh is the first 39 books in most christian bibles.
Amos made clear in his writings that he did not come from a family of prophets, nor did he even consider himself one. While hosea only prophesied regarding israel amos also prophesied concerning the neighbouring nations of israel. However, amos treatment of justice echoes what we also find elsewhere in. The prophecies of amos mark an important point in the development of the religion of the old testament. Instead of focusing on,dare i wryly point to the obvious, the theology of amos, barton spends most of his work fixating on textual criticism questions, particularly issues regarding the validity of amoss authorship, the integrity of the book, and its dating. Here you can find quick, 3minute guides to every book of the old testament. Found an answer for the clue book after amos that we dont have. Instead of reconstructing a hypothetical redactional history, the author offers a close reading of the canonical form against the backdrop of the eighth century b. Just click any books name, and get a highlevel idea of what its about.
Instead of reconstructing a hypothetical redactional history, this. The people of israel had fallen into great sinfulness including. These books narrate the origins of universe, the earth and mankind as well as the birth of the nation of. Book of amos overview insight for living ministries. New international commentary on the old testament nicot 9780802825384 by m. Amos is a shepherd and a fruit picker from the judean village of tekoa when god calls him, even though he lacks an education or a priestly background. As you can see from the four columns above, each of the 39 books can be categorized into one genre or literary type. A commentary the old testament library kindle edition by jeremias, jorg. In the book of joshua, joshua met the captain of the lords host. This summary of the book of amos provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of amos.
Unlike some of the prophetsjonah or hoseaamos doesnt tell a story that is easy to remember. The book is an anthology of his oracles and was compiled either by the prophet or by some of his disciples. Book of amos, the third of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, collected in one book under the jewish canon titled the twelve. Book of amos, the third of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, collected in one book under the jewish canon. The book of amos is not an easy work to read and understand. The book of amos is the third of the twelve minor prophets in the tanakh old testament and the second in the greek septuagint tradition. The book is ultimately addressed to all israel hence the references to judah and jerusalem.
Book of amos read, study bible verses online bible study tools. Although he hailed from judea, amos preached in the northern kingdom of the neighboring nation, israel. Amos lived in the kingdom of judah but preached in the northern kingdom of israel. Amos, a judaean prophet from the village of tekoa, was active in the northern kingdom. Since uzziah was sole king of judah from 767 to 750 bc and jeroboam ii sole king of israel from 782 to 753 bc, the ministry of amos is likely to have been sometime between 767 and 753 bc. See the canon of the old testament for a more complete discussion. Summary of the book of amos the story of the bible. Otherwise, god would allow israels enemies to attack amos chapters 69. Amos was an older contemporary of hosea and isaiah. Amos 1 niv the words of amos, one of the shepherds bible. The people of israel had fallen into great sinfulness including idolatry, greed, bad leadership, and injustice to the poor. The twelve include hosea, joel, amos, obadiah, jonah, micah, nahum, habakkuk, zephaniah, haggai, zechariah, and malachi. He prophesied in the northern kingdom of israel somewhere between the years 760750 b.
More than almost any other book of scripture, the book of amos holds gods people accountable for their illtreatment of others. The prophet amos lived among a group of shepherds in tekoa, a small town. Bible survey amos hebrew name ahmos burden greek name amos greek form of the hebrew author amos according to tradition date 787 bc approximately theme the kingdom of david types and shadows in amos jesus is the one who sees the great sins. Although he hailed from judea, amos preached in the northern. Old testament books table of the 39 books of the old testament. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the book of amos. Amos preaching took place during the mideighth century b. Jonahs preaching in nineveh must have been similar. In four ways, the old testament book of amos is essential for a robust understanding of the gospel. The book of amos is the earliest of the book of the twelve prophets, and is relevant today, as it addresses social injustice, so prevalent in our world.
Amos, book ofcommentaries, commentaries old testament, books. What makes this volume unique is its special attention to amoss literary features and what they reveal about the books theology and composition. Not all of the material found in these chapters came from amos himself. Obadiah means servant of jehovah and worshiper of yahweh.
Gods judgment on israels neighbors 12 prophesies of woe on israel 36 five visions of coming judgment 79. An older contemporary of hosea and isaiah, amos was active c. Apr 30, 2012 how disappointing theology of the book of amos instead proved to be. Amos may have been a fellow laborer with the prophet hosea in the kingdom of israel. He brings prophecies against neighbors of israel, mentioning names and places one can only recognize with the help of maps and reference books. In this book, amos accuses israel of breaking their covenant with god and. The fullest discussion of justice in the old testament shows up in the book of amos. There is an amos mentioned in the genealogy of luke 3. We find two quotations from the book of amos in the acts of the apostles. Amos meaning burden or burdenbearer was an inhabitant of the rugged region of tekoa, located in the territory of judah about 12 miles south of jerusalem. Amos, book ofcommentaries, commentaries old testament. Old testament books table of the 39 books of the old.
The purpose of the book of amos was to announce gods holy judgment on the kingdom of israel the northern kingdom, call them to repentance, and to turn from their selfrighteous sins and idolatry. The words of amos, one of the shepherds of tekoathe vision he saw concerning israel two years before the earthquake, when uzziah was king of judah. Amos, a judaean prophet from the village of tekoa, was active in the northern kingdom of israel during the reign of jeroboam ii c. After these terrible punishments, god would allow some of the people to return to their own land amos 9. The main part of his ministry was probably carried out c. The book of the twelve follows the writings of the four major prophets, isaiah, jeremiah, ezekiel, and daniel.
Amos was apparently a peripatetic prophet who kept repeating a basic message, the summary for which is given by amaziah in 7. They were selling off needy people for goods, taking advantage of the helpless, oppressing the poor, and the men were. Editors and copyists added comments to the prophets original oracles that they deemed appropriate in light of events that occurred after his death. Amos declaration marks a turningpoint in the development of old testament prophecy. Amos and social justice professor of old testament. The book of amos introduction to the book of amos in the bible. In the video below, charles dyer discusses specific old testament prophecies and symbols that point to jesus. Amos was a sheepbreeder of tekoa in judah, who delivered his oracles in the northern kingdom during the. Old testament of the bible cliffsnotes study guides book.
Study scripture verses with commentary, concordances, and use highlighting, underlining, take notes in the bible. Amos, an older contemporary of hosea and isaiah, was active c. Oct 01, 2007 amos was the earliest prophet whose words are preserved in the form of a book. Sandwiched between the prophetic utterances of amos, a farmer, and jonah, who was sent by god to speak to the ninevites but refused and ended up spending a few nights in the belly of a fish before obeying, obadiah speaks of a. This book is part of the division of the hebrew canon called the latter prophets. The book of amos, which is the earliest of the prophetic writings to be preserved in book form, consists of nine chapters. He was from the southern kingdom of judah but preached in the northern kingdom of israel.
According to the first verse, amos prophesied during the reigns of uzziah over judah 792740 b. Amos tells us that jesus is the judge of all nations. Aug 07, 2016 here you can find quick, 3minute guides to every book of the old testament. The words of amos reveal jehovahs mercy towards an unworthy people. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. The prophet amos lived among a group of shepherds in tekoa, a small town approximately ten miles south of jerusalem. Amos with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Why are there 39 books and 46 books in the old testament. The book of amos was likely written between 760 and 753 b. The book of amos holds a unique and central place among the canonical prophetic literature and presents a special array of issues for scholarly discussion.
The book of amos is the third of the twelve minor prophets in the tanakhold testament and the second in the greek septuagint tradition. Watch our overview video on the book of amos, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. It is third among the socalled minor or shorter prophets, the twelve books that make up the final portion of the old testament. This website is not owned by or affiliated with the church of jesus christ of latterday saints sometimes called the mormon or lds church.
The book of amos is the third of the twelve minor prophets in the old testament. The prophet amos was a simple shepherd called by god to speak to the northern kingdom of israel. By ted grimsrud lets now look at a place where the bible uses the explicit language of justice. But god would not always punish the people from israel. The book of amos is a prophetic book in the old testament.
This is the only occurrence of this name in the old testament. Theyre listed in the order they show up in protestant bibles. The book of the prophet amos the prophet amos lived in the eighth century bc and was a common herdsman and keeper of sycamore fig trees 7. Torah revealed gods will for all people, and god holds all people accountable for how they respond to that will. He was a shepherd and tended to sycamore fig trees. God raised up the prophet amos, as an act of his great mercy to a. May 07, 2016 watch our overview video on the book of amos, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The book identifies the author as the prophet amos, who wrote probably between 760 and 753 bc, during the reign of jeroboam ii in israel. In this book, amos accuses israel of breaking their covenant with god and highlights how their idolatry has led to injustice and the neglect of the. More than almost any other book of scripture, the book of amos holds gods people. David pawson teaching trust 2019 david pawson looks at what god was doing in the 8th century b. Amos legitimately condemns the nations for their injustices, based on torah. This book provides a thorough and balanced overview of the history of scholarship on the.
In this commentary on the book of amos, daniel carroll combines a detailed reading of the hebrew text with attention to its historical background and current relevance. Apr 02, 2020 book of amos, the third of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, collected in one book under the jewish canon titled the twelve. A commentary on the book of amos in the old testament. May 18, 2017 notably, however, the book of amos was included in the canon of the old testament very early on, as is attested by its inclusion in the dead sea scrolls, and it is the first ancient writing to use the phrase day of the lord. Most of the messages in the book of amos were spoken by amos. Books of the old testament bible quiz free bible quizzes. This quiz is about books of the old testament and their location in the bible. In the hebrew bible and christian old testament, amos hebrew. Instead of focusing on,dare i wryly point to the obvious, the theology of amos, barton spends most of his work fixating on textual criticism questions, particularly issues regarding the validity of amos s authorship, the integrity of the book, and its dating. The theology of the book of amos old testament theology. That he was not speaking for himself or trying to please his listeners is made clear by the content of the message he delivered.
The latter prophets follow psalms and the wisdom books in the greek septuagint, as well as our christian old testament of the bible. And he said, the lord will roar from zion, and utter his voice from jerusalem. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of the old testament, and the gospels and acts in the new testament. How disappointing theology of the book of amos instead proved to be. His major themes of social justice, gods omnipotence, and divine judgment became staples of prophecy. Despite the fact that he lived in the southern kingdom of judah, god sent him as his prophet to the northern kingdom of. He accurately foretold the destruction of the northern kingdom of israel although he did not specify assyria as the cause and, as a prophet of doom, anticipated later old testament prophets. It repeatedly points out the failure of the people to fully embrace gods idea of justice. The book of amos new international commentary on the old.19 171 1464 451 471 234 770 855 1015 608 40 393 593 162 1565 1352 1488 1562 290 774 127 111 281 334 1432 1630 135 972 1420 20 1368 1333 596 2 517 203 1264 1460 756 902 1168 315 359